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Moreover, their destruction of the country’s major harbor towns along the Mediterranean coast ruined international trade relations and left the economic situation of the rest of the country, including the previous Assyrian provinces, in shambles. 124–125; Stern, The Material Culture of the Land of the Bible in the Persian Period, 538–332 B. As a result, the people in the region were reduced to poverty.
Boars, Ducks and Foxes – The Urfa-Project 99, Neo-Lithics.
Abschluß des Habilitationsverfahrens an der Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Habilitationskolloquium am 10. 1999 mit einem Vortrag über das Thema „Die Altägyptische Reichseinigungszeit aus archäologischer Sicht“; Lehrberechtigung für das Fach Ur- und Frühgeschichte, Privatdozent. Ausgrabungen und Forschungen zwischen Donau und Euphrat. 2000 in Zusammenarbeit mit Harald Hauptmann, Frühe Tempel – frühe Götter? A Newsletter of Southwest Asian Lithics Research 1/01,9-11. A Newsletter of Southwest Asian Lithics Research 1/02,23-25.
Herausgeberschaften Erste Tempel – frühe Siedlungen. , in: Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Archäologische Entdeckungen. Göbekli Tepe, in: Deutsches Archäologisches Institut (Hrsg.), Stadtforschung. The 2002 Excavations at Göbekli Tepe (Southeastern Turkey) – Impressions from an Enigmatic Site, Neo-Lithics.
From south to north, we can trace the effects of Babylonian might—at Tell el-Kheleifeh on the coast of the Red Sea, at Ein Gedi on the shore of the Dead Sea, and further north at Dan, the source of the Jordan River. As scholar Saul Weinberg has lamented, “We are left with a gap of almost a century for which we have so little imported Greek pottery that it is of no help just when it is most needed.”3 The Babylonian period is characterized by other notable absences as well. The Babylonian remains consist only of a few dozen Neo-Babylonian seals and seal impressions, some of which are imports and some of which are locally manufactured imitations. (essentially before the Babylonian destruction), while the majority date to the Persian period.
The same is true in excavations at major northern sites—Hazor; Megiddo, overlooking the Jezreel Valley; and Dor, on the Mediterranean coast—and in central Judah, where, in addition to Jerusalem, we may look at Ramat Rahel and Lachish, among other sites. But even a superficial examination of the stratigraphic contexts of these objects shows that some date to the late seventh and very early sixth centuries B. Very few can be safely attributed to the Babylonian period itself.4 Archaeologists have recovered three Babylonian cuneiform tablets in Palestine.